History of photography
During the renaissance era in the 16th century, artists became increasingly interested in exploring and representing reality of nature in their pieces. An example is Leonardo Da Vinci and his anatomical drawings such as the image on the left , which represents his great interest in contemporary advances in science.
This is an image showing the design of the camera obscura. In order to achieve this realism and perfect perspective, artists had to create various instruments. The camera obscura was a dark room or space in which an inverted image was projected onto a surface due to a small opening in the room which light shun through.
After the camera obscura technology developed in order to create smaller more controllable apparatuses, such as the camera lucida to the left, a portable optical device.
January 1839, Daguerre announced this invention, which created the Daguerreotype. The Daguerreotype was a type of photograph which was laterally reversed and monochromatic printed onto a metal plate.
This is a portrait of William Henry Fox Talbot, he developed a type of photograph called the 'Calotype' around the same time as the Daguerreotype. The Calotype had one distinctive advantage over the Daguerreotype; it could reproduced as a negative as to being a single unduplicatable image. However on the other hand it lacked the Daguerreotype's sharpness and overall quality, therefore making it slightly more unpopular until the advances in paper technology and improvements took place, making it the most popular type of photography still used today.
This was known as a 'photogenic drawing' but nowadays known as a photogram. Talbots initial photographic experiments producing these photograms, this particular one was named 'Botanical Specimen'.
This is called 'Still Life with Deer and Wildflow' by Adolphe Braun, an example of photographers asserting their own identity and creativity into their work, unlike contemporary artists before who used to focus on themes such as portraiture and landscape in their work. Contemporary artists were first concerned about documentation but over time work like the one to the left began to get more popular and lead to all the inspiring and self expressive work we have today.